The Warmian bishops had been residing here for almost four hundred fifty years – from 1350 until 1795. It used to be their main residence and centre of power. Here’s where the church jurisdiction in the diocese was governed from and where the Warmian dominion was managed. It was the law and the court centre. And most obviously, the residence of excellent Poles and their magnificent guests, e.g. Bishop Watzenrode and Nicolaus Copernicus, the humanist, poet and the first professional diplomat of Poland - Tiedeman Giese or top European counterreformation representative – Stanislaw Hozjusz.
Yet scholars were not the only residents of the bishops’ castle. Also ambitious politicians and statesmen paid frequent visits to these walls, enriching their public activity with taking care of the Lidzbark cultural life. For example: king Leszczyński, Sigismund III Vasa, John Sigismund, Elector of Brandenburg; emperor Paul I Romanov, Charles XVII or even Napoleon Bonaparte himself. The last Warmian bishop before the partition of Poland was the famous poet, prose and comedy writer Ignacy Krasicki.